Diseases

Shingles: ophthalmic shingles

One of the complications of shingles is the attack on the eye area (this is called ophthalmic shingles). The virus can lodge at the level of one of the cutaneous nerves of the face, at the level of the eyelid and the eye, and reach the cornea.

The cornea is the lens (natural) on the surface of the eye, it can become opaque, resulting in poor eyesight and in the worst case, blindness of the eye reached. That is why it is very important to identify the shingles at the first events to treat it as quickly as possible and avoid these serious complications.

From the first itching, pain, or even sensitivity to lightness in some cases, you must make an appointment with your doctor. Taking antivirals in the first 72 hours significantly reduces ophthalmic zoster. It is important to take this medicine as soon as possible.

  • To read: Eye diseases

Treatments

Herpes zoster is a manifestation of the varicella virus, so its treatment is done by antiviral drugs to fight their proliferation. It is necessary to start the treatment as soon as the shingles are confirmed because the sooner it will be put in place, the sooner the shingles will be cured.

1 - Antiviral drugs.

With antiviral drugs, it is possible to stop the occurrence of shingles or at least reduce complications. These drugs reduce the appearance of sequelae especially post-herpetic pain and the risk of blindness in case of eye damage.

In people aged 50 and over, it is interesting to prescribe an antiviral as soon as possible, as soon as the pain appears, within 72 hours of the onset of the rash; if the disease is not stopped, the virus will be less virulent.

In immunocompromised individuals, these antiviral drugs are given by the venous route.

2 - Treatment of ophthalmic zones.

Ophthalmic zones are always treated because of the risk of blindness. In addition to the oral anti-viral drug, an acyclovir (anti-viral) ointment or even local corticosteroids are prescribed.

3 - Analgesic drugs.

To fight against pain, analgesics such as paracetamol are effective, sometimes it is necessary to use morphine. Antidepressants may be prescribed in post-herpetic neuralgia.

4- Vaccination against shingles.

It is recommended before being sick ... Since this vaccine can prevent the occurrence of shingles (in more than 50% of cases) and especially post-herpetic pain (in 67% of cases). This vaccination, not reimbursed by the Health Insurance, is officially recommended in the over 65 years. One injection Talk to your doctor ...

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Read also :

> The vaccination against shingles
> Why get vaccinated?

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