Diseases

Tic: treatments

Before starting treatment, it is important to identify the symptom (or underlying disease) that most interferes with the patient's life and then treat it with medicated and non-medicated care.

The management of tics consists of different types of treatments: management of psychomotility, relaxation or meditation of mindfulness (for children too!), Deconditioning in the context of behavioral therapy, sometimes taking medication (antidepressants type Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor or Neuroleptics).

The treatment may be very light for some forms and longer and more complex for more severe forms (associated with other disorders and environmental difficulties). It is based on a multidisciplinary approach (neurologist, psychiatrist, psychotherapist, parental guidance, patient associations ...). And if medications are needed, they are always associated with psychotherapy.

With regard to Tourette's syndrome, some neuroleptics, and even some dopaminergic agonists (drugs given in Parkinson's disease), have an effect on tics.

Surgery is reserved only for very severe cases of Tourette's syndrome. Finally, deep brain stimulation, less aggressive, has given promising results in the reduction of severe forms of tics with self-mutilation.

The choice of treatment depends on the nature and the evolution of the tics, as well as the socio-familial context in which they occur. In addition, parental support (also known as parental guidance) is essential.

The information of the patient and his family - often in distress - is also a crucial step that often exposes and discusses suffering, frustration, guilt and misunderstanding ...

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Read also :

> Focus on neurological diseases
> Parkinson's disease: causes for treatment

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