Diseases

Sjogren Gougerot Syndrome

Gougerot syndrome, also known as Sjögren's syndrome, is an autoimmune disease that includes several symptoms, mainly dry syndrome, joint or muscle pain , and fatigue.

There are two types of damage:

  • the primitive Gougerot syndrome,
  • secondary follower syndrome.

In the case of the primary Gougerot syndrome, the disease appears on its own, without any other pathology being involved. In addition to favorable genetic background, environmental factors such as exposure to viruses would be the cause.

How is a genetic disease transmitted?

There are more than 6, 000 listed genetic diseases. What is a genetic disease and how can it be transmitted?

In the case of secondary follower syndrome, an initial disease is found. It is most often an autoimmune disease, such as rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, scleroderma, etc.

In all cases, the explanation of the disease is autoimmune. This means that the immune defense system "attacks" certain cells of the body, recognizing them - wrongly - as foreign elements.

The symptoms of Gougerot syndrome are uncomfortable and can be very disabling. Treatments can relieve symptoms and act on the autoimmune cause.

Nine times out of ten, Gougerot syndrome affects women. It reaches especially people after 40 years. Like many autoimmune diseases, this condition can occur after pregnancy.

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Read also :

> Autoimmune diseases
> Test your immune system!

Author: Ladane Azernour Bonnefoy and Dr. Ada Picard.
Consultant expert: Professor Eric Hachulla, Reference Center for rare autoimmune and systemic diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospital of Lille.

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