Treatment in case of allergic rhinitis
In case of allergic rhinitis, before proposing a short treatment or a possible desensitization, it is necessary first to avoid contact with the allergen. Difficult when it comes to pollen, usually easier if you are allergic to certain animals.
The treatment itself is symptomatic
It usually includes an antihistamine, a drug that opposes the mechanism of allergy, taken in oral form. Antihistamines are prescribed once daily or on demand if the symptoms are intermittent.
There are also local treatments: nasal spray use of specific treatments (eg Lomusol, or nasal corticosteroids).
Exceptionally, if the seizure is particularly severe, the doctor can prescribe corticosteroids by general route in short cure.
The basic treatment is that of allergy .
When the symptoms are chronic, difficult to control despite the use of symptomatic treatments, and when the removal of the allergen is not possible, desensitization subcutaneous is sometimes proposed.
However, the effectiveness of these treatments is modest, and its implementation is particularly restrictive by the number of subcutaneous injections to practice. Sublingual desensitization has an uncertain efficacy for frequent local adverse effects and should be avoided.
New approaches, including allergen immunotherapy, are currently under study. New treatments are therefore to be hoped for in the coming years.
Treatment in case of infectious rhinitis
For infectious rhinitis, usually of viral origin, it is best to blow your nose regularly and the infant to wash his nose well.
The doctor can prescribe symptomatic treatments according to the complaints of which the patient complains.
Treatment in vasomotor or hypertrophic rhinitis
Vasoconstrictor treatments for decongestant, and over-the-counter pharmacy, expose to potentially serious cardiovascular risks. Their benefit / risk ratio is therefore clearly unfavorable, and it is better to avoid them.
Symptomatic and safe treatments can be used: regular nose wash with physiological saline, use of "Rhino Horn", abundant hydration, etc.
Local laser treatment or even surgery may be indicated in some specific cases.
Practical advice :
- If you are offered a nose operation to remove any polyps, know that after a while, the problems may reappear. The operation is not 100% effective.
- If you have permanently - or almost - a stuffy nose, use only the medications prescribed by the ENT doctor. Some treatments that are misused or used too long may promote or maintain problems with nasal obstruction.
Read also :
> Clogged nose: causes to treatment
> Hay fever: how to prevent it?
> Desensitization: no longer suffer from allergies!