Interview with Prof. Francelyne Marano, President SFSE (French Society of Health and Environment).
What health risks ?
Teacher. Francelyne Marano: In reality, it is the "background pollution" that has a strong impact on health: the fine particles that are constantly breathing and eventually accumulate in the lungs. In the long term, an accumulation of these particles in the lungs can be at the origin of serious pathologies, which can go as far as bronchial cancers. According to the people, this can have more or less important effects on health.
Why alert in case of pollution spikes, then?
Teacher. FM: During an episode of high pollution peak, the short-term effects will be manifested mainly in people already suffering from respiratory or cardiovascular diseases: there will be more asthma attacks, rhinitis and cardiovascular events, up to myocardial infarction.
In case of pollution peaks, even the non-vulnerable people can be embarrassed. If you experience severe respiratory discomfort or any other unusual and disturbing symptoms, it is best to consult a doctor.
What can you do to preserve your health in the event of a pollution spike?
Teacher. FM: There is no need to lock yourself in, because anyway the particles from outside come into our homes too. In case of pollution peaks, one can continue to have normal daily activities. It is necessary to avoid the road axes, to be well informed about the evolution of the peak episode of pollution in case of serious respiratory troubles.
What are the tips for people sensitive to pollution?
Teacher. FM: The populations most sensitive to atmospheric pollution (people with asthma or suffering from respiratory or cardiovascular diseases, infants and young children, pregnant women, the elderly, etc.) must avoid intense physical and sports activities in the open air or at night. inside. When we play sports we breathe much faster than normal because we have a lot more ventilation, so we will inhale more particles. In case of breathing difficulties, it is best to consult a doctor quickly.
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