Diseases

Malaria: Symptoms

Malaria can manifest as symptoms between a week and a few months after the mosquito bite, or even a few years later.

Malaria attacks are different depending on the plasmodium involved.

Fever is the main symptom. It can be irregular, more or less accompanied by tremors and sweats. There are often associated symptoms, such as body aches, headaches, abdominal pain, discomfort ...

Due to the destruction of red blood cells, cutaneous and mucous pallor due to anemia are observed. It is associated with jaundice (jaundice) often very light.

Malaria access evolves by crises with bouts of tremors, fever, sweating, headaches, etc. The outbreaks correspond to the bursting of red blood cells.

In severe cases, especially in children and pregnant women, the fever may be high, and associate with symptoms of brain damage. Like a coma, convulsions, etc. These clinical forms can be fatal (Plasmodium Falciparum).

There are latent forms that evolve through "malaria crises" periodically. During periods without symptoms, the parasite slumbers in liver cells (Plasmodium Malariae).

The diagnosis of malaria must be made quickly in order to treat the disease as soon as possible and, in severe cases, to avoid a possible fatal outcome.

The diagnosis is confirmed by a laboratory examination: a blood test (test of the thick drop) and a blood smear. In endemic countries, doctors and nurses can do the examination at the bedside. They observe the parasites in the drop of blood under the microscope.

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