Peritonitis: treatments

Peritonitis is often a medical emergency (and even surgical), the patient must then be operated as quickly as possible. In case of inadequate or inadequate management, peritonitis can lead to serious complications or even death of the patient.

The treatment depends in particular on the cause causing the peritonitis. If internal organs are inflamed and perforated, the surgeon may remove the organ in question (for example: gall bladder, appendicitis, or a portion of the intestine), or stitches the perforated organ.

In some cases, too, the surgeon may have to perform a colostomy: placement of an artificial anus (if for example a part of the large intestine, colon must be removed).

The surgeon then proceeds to wash the abdominal cavity, using saline solution to remove accumulations of pus and bacteria that have formed as a result of inflammation and infection.

Also performed is drainage of the abdomen: a very fine tube is introduced into the abdominal cavity to evacuate the exudate, even after the operation. When, in severe cases, drainage is not sufficient, it may be necessary to perform a second lavage of the abdominal cell by surgery.

After the operation, the patient stays in the intensive care unit as generalized peritonitis can lead to severe sepsis, endangering the patient's life.

As part of this intensive care, the patient needs different specific care and careful medical supervision, until the intestine resumes normal functioning (intestinal peristalsis - intestinal movements), and that the heart and blood circulation have stabilized.

Specific care may concern:

  • the placement of an artificial anus (colostomy),
  • artificial respiration (ventilation),
  • feeding by a gastric tube.

The patient is also given antibiotics and painkillers.

In rare cases, when peritonitis has been diagnosed early and provided that no other organ is inflamed or injured, antibiotic therapy may be sufficient to treat peritonitis without the need for surgery.

You want to react, to give your testimony or to ask a question? Appointment in our thematic FORUMS or A doctor answers you !

Popular Posts

Category Diseases, Next Article

Dental caries: the causes - Diseases

Dental caries: the causes

The main cause of caries formation are the bacteria normally present in the mouth and in dental plaque: These bacteria turn sugary products into acidic substances that attack the tooth enamel, then dentin under the enamel, and finally the inside of the tooth, where there are nerves, where it can hurt a lot
Read More
Hay fever: the causes - Diseases

Hay fever: the causes

The main causes of a hay fever is an allergy to pollens, moreover hay fever is increasing especially in spring, when pollen is very abundant. However, in case of chronic hay fever, other allergenic agents should be sought, such as mites that are prevalent in home interiors. The fault with pollens In twenty years, pollen allergies have increased by 20%
Read More
Andropause: the menopause of men? - Diseases

Andropause: the menopause of men?

Until recent years, some medical specialists refuted the existence of andropause in humans. But the knowledge advances and today, the decrease of the levels of certain hormones in the blood of the men over 50 years is objectively recognized: androgens (testosterone), DHEA, growth hormone, thyroid hormones
Read More
Varicose ulcer: Treatments - Diseases

Varicose ulcer: Treatments

There are two kinds of treatment for varicose ulcer: the first, local, at the level of the wound. Dressings are put in place, they keep a moist environment at the level of the wound to promote its healing. If the patient is autonomous, he will take care of the local care alone. If the patient is elderly or dependent, or if ulcer is very extensive or severe, it is advisable to have the help of specialized home-based staff (nurse, doctor), so as to avoid complications and infection
Read More