No need to have 8 years of medicine to diagnose an ingrown toenail, usually the symptoms speak for themselves. It hurts at the edge of the finger or the toe, where is the nail that enters the flesh becomes red and painful.
It's normal to have pain because the fingers and toes are rich in nerve endings.
At first, an ingrown toenail simply irritates the edge of the toe, it is sensitive to pressure and walking.
Symptoms of an ingrown toenail include:
- the edge becomes swollen, inflammatory, more or less red, frankly painful.
In advanced cases, we can see:
- a thickening of the lateral bead, or
- an outgrowth of red flesh, a fleshy bud, which oozes or bleeds easily.
Inflammation can cause an infection. Be careful not to neglect a possible infection.
The formation of a paronychia (abscess containing pus), characterized mainly by lancinating pain, local redness, is a medical emergency.
Indeed, the pus can "spin", infiltrate along the tendons and infect all the toe. Sepsis and amputation are fortunately very exceptional cases, but it should not be underestimated! When these symptoms occur, you should consult your doctor immediately.
Diagram of the anatomy of the nail
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