Diseases

Kidney disease: the symptoms

For many years, there are no symptoms. That's why more than a third of patients with chronic kidney disease seek out a nephrologist (the kidney disease specialist) only at a very advanced stage of the disease, and most do not know not that they carry this pathology.

Some patients with chronic kidney disease may nevertheless experience different symptoms such as:

  • excessive fatigue during an effort,
  • a lack of appetite,
  • a need to urinate several times a night.

When the disease is advanced, the signs are:

  • significant fatigue,
  • loss of appetite,
  • nausea and vomiting,
  • slimming,
  • cramps in the legs (mainly at night),
  • itches,
  • sleep disorders.

When these symptoms occur, the doctor the patient consults, prescribes additional tests to find out if the kidneys are involved or not. Screening is essential. It is easy: just dip a strip in the urine and see if there is the presence of albumin.

People with diabetes or hypertension should be particularly vigilant because they are at risk of developing kidney disease.

In case of anomaly detected following the screening (presence of albumin in the urine), a blood test of creatinine will be performed. Creatinine is naturally found in the body, and is a good indicator of kidney function. This examination makes it possible to evaluate, by a mathematical calculation, the degree of deterioration of the renal function.

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Read also :

> Kidney cancer: causes for treatment
> The nephrologist: specialist in kidney diseases
> High creatinine: what does it mean?

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