Uterine malformations affect about 3% of women. They are not necessarily symptomatic and can be discovered by chance at the time of an examination, a first ultrasound, or a pregnancy.
When to search for them?
When a young girl does not menstruate in her adolescence, in case of very painful menstruation or when pain is felt during sexual intercourse, further examinations can be considered to identify a possible uterine malformation.Similarly, after premature delivery, after repeated miscarriage or infertility, possible uterine malformations may be sought.
A simple pelvic ultrasound is not always sufficient to make a complete diagnosis. A 3D ultrasound, MRI, hysterography, hysteroscopy or laparoscopy may be necessary.
Some forms can lead to infertility. But usually the difficulty is to carry the pregnancy to term because these malformations often have an obstetric impact.
The consequences of a uterine malformation can include:
- implantation of pregnancy (risk of ectopic pregnancy)
- the progress of the pregnancy (threats of premature delivery, miscarriage)
- vascularization of the uterine wall (intrauterine growth retardation)
- childbirth (dystocia, increased bleeding risk ...)
The sexual organs of the woman: uterus, vagina, ovary ...
Author: Alice Guillemenot, midwifeWant to share, share your experience or need advice? See you in our FORUMS Gynecology or A doctor answers you !
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