The neurologist is a doctor who does not perform any surgery. If an intervention on the brain or spinal cord is necessary, it will be performed by a neurosurgeon.
The neurologist examines the patient by performing a specific clinical examination, he may request medical imaging examinations, for example a CT scan or a MRI.
He may also prescribe a blood test.
This specialist may be required to perform a lumbar puncture which consists of taking a little cerebrospinal fluid in the bottom of the spine with a needle. This cerebrospinal fluid will then be analyzed in the laboratory.
Neurologists can also perform an electromyogram (EMG). A small needle is placed in the skin and in a muscle. This examination makes it possible to analyze the electrical activity of a muscle. The patient is asked to contact his muscle and then release it. A study of nerve conduction can also be performed by the neurologist. Electrodes are placed on the leg or arm to analyze the conduction transmission rate of a nerve. These exams help to clarify certain diagnoses.You want to react, to give your testimony or to ask a question? Appointment in our FORUMS Neurology, Rare Diseases or A doctor answers you!
Sources and notes: Atlas of medical demography in France. Situation on 1st January 2011. National Council of the Order of Doctors.