After angioplasty, the patient can return home the next day, with a follow-up visit the following week. Then he will have to see the cardiologist about 2 times a year and his GP every 1 to 3 months.
A life-long treatment, adapted to each patient, according to his antecedents, will be prescribed. The most commonly prescribed drugs are anti-platelet aggregates (such as low dose aspirin), cholesterol lowering statins, ACE inhibitors, or possibly ß-blockers. .
The patient is asked to monitor blood pressure and blood sugar levels, and to correct so-called risk factors (to avoid relapse!) Narrowing of the arteries: avoid overweight, sedentary lifestyle, tobacco, foods high in cholesterol.
What is a stent?
A stent is a small prosthetic spring that is placed in an artery to prevent its narrowing. It measures a few millimeters in diameter and has a length that goes up to several centimeters, depending on the area to be treated.
The stent is made of a metal that does not rust and has no side effects for the patient. It is introduced into the artery during angioplasty. Some stents (active) are covered with a drug that is released as and when, to prevent the artery is rebouched.
Note that there are now biodegradable stents.Want to react, share your experience or ask a question? Appointment in our FORUMS Cardiology or A doctor answers you.
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Source : Pim AL et al, Fractional Flow Reserve versus Angiography for Guiding Percutaneus Coronary Intervention, NEJM, 2009, pp 213-24.