Diseases

Allergy to the sun


Summer has finally arrived, you are delighted to finally enjoy the sun, but here you are: among the nearly 10% of adults who suffer from a sun allergy. What will you spoil the holidays, even the whole summer season!

Sun allergy is an immune defense reaction of the body in response to sun exposure. It can take different forms, and differs from a sunburn or a burn because it can occur even after small exposures to UV.

Solar allergies are very different from sunburns: they are more or less severe burns of the skin caused by prolonged exposure to the sun, especially in the hottest hours of the day. Allergy to the sun, on the other hand, can manifest itself even during brief exposures to the sun, it is an allergic reaction of the skin to the rays of the sun.

Depending on the different types of sun allergy, there may be people more exposed than others to develop an allergic reaction to the sun.

As a general rule, people who have a clear phototype are at higher risk because their skin is naturally less protected from the sun: tanning, skin coloration after exposure to sunlight, is a natural protection of the skin against the rays of the skin. Sun. The clearer the phototype, the more likely it is that there will be significant reactions in case of solar allergy.

However, there are also some types of solar allergy that do not depend on the phototype at all.

10 facts about sun allergy

The skin may develop sun allergy in response to unusually high UV-A and / or UV-B radiation .

10 facts about sun allergy

This often happens during the holidays ... unfortunately :(

10 facts about sun allergy

To date, we still do not know why exactly the sun allergy develops.

10 facts about sun allergy

What are the symptoms of sun allergy?

10 facts about sun allergy

The skin becomes red, it is irritated (itching) and can hurt .

10 facts about sun allergy

Most often, these symptoms do not appear immediately, but only hours or even days after exposure to the sun.

10 facts about sun allergy

On which parts of the body does the sun allergy manifest itself?

10 facts about sun allergy

Allergy occurs in areas particularly exposed to the sun : neck, cleavage, arms, back of the hand, legs and face.

10 facts about sun allergy

From person to person, skin lesions caused by sun allergy can take many different forms.

10 facts about sun allergy

In case of suspicion of sun allergy, the doctor must exclude other causes possibly responsible for skin lesions that may be similar to those caused by a sun allergy.

10 facts about sun allergy

How can we treat sun allergy ?

10 facts about sun allergy

The first rule to observe in case of allergy to the sun: protect yourself from the sun ! By avoiding to expose the skin to the sun at first, the symptoms of allergy usually fade without treatment quickly enough.

10 facts about sun allergy

Some special creams and lotions help to relieve symptoms. They usually contain active substances like a little cortisone (or a derivative).

10 facts about sun allergy

An antihistamine medication can lessen the itching .

10 facts about sun allergy

You can prevent sun allergy by slowly getting your skin into more intense sunlight and by providing adequate protection (adequate sunscreen, clothing covering the skin).

Read also :
> Prepare your skin in the sun
> To protect your skin and your eyes from the sun
> Take care of your skin after the sun
> Skin and sun: everything you need to know

Author: Elide Achille
Expert Consultant: Dr. Sophie Silcret-Grieu, Allergen Physician

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