Cervical disc herniation is a common condition that affects the cervical vertebrae. It results from a pinching of the protective disk existing between each vertebrae and causes pain.
To better understand, here is a small anatomical reminder ... The cervical spine is made up of a succession of vertebrae where a disc is placed on each floor. This disc has the function of damping shocks and to allow good mobility of the spine. Over time, or as a result of other factors, this disc can become damaged and flattened with osteoarthritis that can compress one or more roots, this is called cervicarthrosis.
In other cases, the disc may crack and let out in the spinal canal disc material compressing a nerve root, this is called disc herniation .
As with lumbar disc herniation that can lead to lumbosciatica of the lower limb, cervical disc herniation can trigger cervical pain with radiation along the arm, called cervico-brachial neuralgia. In rare cases, if the herniated disc is median, it can compress the spinal cord and cause a motor deficit, requiring rapid surgical treatment. Cervical disc herniation is less common than lumbar disc herniation.
The first treatment of herniated cervical discs or cervicarthrosis is primarily medical, that is to say it combines the rules of diet and diet (cervical rest), and painkillers. Surgery will be proposed only in the event of an unfavorable evolution with persistence of disabling pain despite a well-followed treatment, or in the event of the appearance of a motor deficit related to disc herniation or cervicarthrosis.
Discopathies: causes, symptoms and treatment
Disc disease or disc disease can occur on all stages of the spine. What are the differences between cervical, lumbar and dorsal discopathy?
Illustration of cervical spine with 7 vertebrae:
The arrow shows the disc C4 - C5
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Read also :
> Herniated disc
> Lumbar disc herniation
> Operation of the herniated disc
> Inguinal hernia operation
Author : Dr. Louis-Marie Terrier, neurosurgeon at CHRU Bretonneau in Tours