The treatment of jaundice depends on its cause. It can be medicated for hepatitis, for example, or surgical, in case of stones, or tumor.
In the presence of jaundice, the doctor will prescribe certain examinations. He will first ask the patient about his background, his lifestyle (alcohol consumption, travel abroad ...), his general health (fatigue, weight loss), then carry out an examination clinical.
The most commonly requested tests are a blood test, an abdominal x-ray and an ultrasound to explore the region of the liver or bile ducts.
In some cases, a more precise examination is required, such as a MRI. This examination can isolate the pathway of bilirubin in the liver, and possibly identify an obstacle.
And so, depending on the outcome of these examinations, a diagnosis will be made. For example, as has been said, viral hepatitis can be treated with specific drugs (interferon, anti-viral). If jaundice is from obstruction of the bile duct, surgery may be required, etc.
Regarding the jaundice of the infant, it is first necessary to monitor the level of bilirubin, if it exceeds a threshold value, then treat the child because bilirubin can be harmful, especially for the brain. This is the famous blue light, phototherapy, under which the newborn will be exposed for several hours.
This monitoring of any jaundice of the infant should be done during the first week after birth. Indeed, much more rarely, this jaundice may reveal a particular problem (such as haemolytic anemia) in the infant that requires specific management.