My Symptoms

Jaundice: The causes

Jaundice or jaundice corresponds to a pigmentation that is particularly visible on the conjunctiva, the "white" of the eye, but also of the skin. This is usually accompanied by a dark coloring of the urine, unlike discolored stools, and itching sometimes intense.

Jaundice is caused by an accumulation of bilirubin in the blood. Bilirubin is a bile pigment that is the product of the breakdown of hemoglobin in red blood cells. This waste is normally collected and treated (conjugated) by the liver, before being eliminated in the stool. Bilirubin is measured by performing a blood test, the normal value is between 3 and 10 mg per liter in an adult.

There are two categories of jaundice that are related to very different diseases:
Conjugated bilirubin jaundice: these are the most common. They are due either to the presence of stones in the gallbladder, or to the pancreatic ducts, or to liver diseases such as hepatitis (viral or drug), cirrhosis or liver or pancreas tumor.
Jaundice with free or unconjugated bilirubin: much rarer, they are caused by rare diseases like Gilbert's disease, considered as an anomaly (enzymatic genetic deficit) more than a real pathology, or blood diseases (thalassemia), or malaria, for example.

Popular Posts

Category My Symptoms, Next Article

Urinary leakage: let's talk about it! - My Symptoms
My Symptoms

Urinary leakage: let's talk about it!

A laugh, an effort too violent, a big desire and no toilets nearby ... a urinary leak quickly arrived. So be reassured: urinary leakage is not a rare phenomenon (on the contrary). And if it happens to you from time to time, there is nothing to panic about. But know that it is still important to talk frankly with a doctor about how to treat
Read More
Chronic pelvic pain: treatments - My Symptoms
My Symptoms

Chronic pelvic pain: treatments

The therapeutic approach of chronic pelvic pain must be multidisciplinary with different outcomes of different treatments: drugs, rehabilitative techniques, or neurostimulation, use of hypnosis, brief therapies ... The treatment will depend on the cause that is causing the pain. However, the patient often takes self-medication analgesics adapted to the type of pain and localization, which can relieve this symptom
Read More
Urinary Incontinence in Women: The Causes - My Symptoms
My Symptoms

Urinary Incontinence in Women: The Causes

Urinary incontinence is defined as an accidental or involuntary loss of urine. There are 3 main types of incontinence, which have different causes. Some of the causes or contributing factors are: an anatomical predisposition: the urethra (from the exit of the bladder to the vulva) is a very short conduit in women; menopause, deliveries, some sports activities such as tennis or running intensively
Read More
Stuffy nose - My Symptoms
My Symptoms

Stuffy nose

The stuffy nose is a very common problem, and is a real handicap for many people who suffer from it. Because the problem, when you have a stuffy nose, is that you have to breathe well ... To have the nose permanently obstructed, even if it does not matter, strongly alters our daily life: it flows or is too dry, one hums, one whistles, it hinders, that breathlessness
Read More