Lumbar disc herniation: treatments

The treatment of a lumbar disc herniation is primarily of a medicinal nature. In other words, with different medications, the symptoms will decline in about 90% of cases. Anti-inflammatory drugs (often cortisone), muscle relaxants, and pain medications (sometimes based on morphine) are prescribed. Rest is also advised. In total, it will take about six weeks before things get better. Sometimes a cortisone infiltration is performed.

A lumbar disc herniation operation is indicated when the drugs to treat the symptoms do not provide the expected relief. Or, as previously stated, if there is an urgent situation: paralysis, violent pain, incontinence problems ...

In this case, an orthopedic surgeon specialized in the spine or a neurosurgeon will intervene. Before performing this operation, additional tests are necessary: ​​MRI, or scanner.

The objective of the surgical procedure is to prevent the herniated disc from pressing on the nerve root, which will make the pain disappear. The surgeon removes the hernia as well as the central part of the intervertebral disc. Sometimes part of the vertebra needs to be removed. The operation does not consist in redoing or setting up a new record.

Generally, the intervention gives good results. Several weeks are necessary after the operation of the lumbar disc herniation, for a perfect recovery.

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