Hemangioma is a benign vascular tumor, common in young children. It can appear in the very young child (before the age of one year), but never in the adult. It is more common in girls than in boys.
The exact cause of hemangiomas is not known. These superficial vascular abnormalities would likely be caused by uncontrolled growth of the blood vessels in the infant.
Most hemangiomas do not have a hereditary character.
Note however that there is a family history in 10% of cases. Without actually speaking of causes, there are certain factors predisposing to the occurrence of a hemangioma:
- Premature child.
- A very small birth weight (less than 1.5 kg).
- A baby girl.
- A high age of the mother.
- A multiple pregnancy.
The cutaneous hemangioma in a baby evolves in two phases:
1 / At the beginning, the hemangioma tends to increase in size until the 6th or the 10th month. At this stage of small complications may occur, they are usually not serious: such as slight bleeding, local inflammation ...
2 / Then the hemangioma tends to regress slowly. This can last up to 7 to 10 years. And in the end, the hemangioma eventually disappears. A small scar may persist.
You must know that a hemangioma never recurs.