Diseases

Sprain: symptoms

The symptoms are often the same in case of sprain, here is a focus on 2 types of frequent sprain:

1) Symptoms of ankle sprain

Most sprains are benign and heal after a few days of immobilization. Classically, it is a young person who twists his ankle, for example, playing basketball. He feels very bad on the spot, then his ankle swells, and the pain fades. The pain persists a few hours after the trauma, the walk is painful. He limps, his ankle is swollen, and his foot sometimes blue.

Sometimes the sprain is more serious. In this case, the symptoms are more obvious. A crack could have been noticeable at the time of the trauma. The pain is greater, to the point that it prevents sleep and walking. On clinical examination, the ankle is unstable. You have to make radios to make sure there is no break.

2) Symptoms of knee sprain

The knee has a major role in the static and the mobility of the body. It is a joint exposed to trauma, and in particular to torsion in a number of sports. The knee joint is complex. It has ligaments external to the joint (external lateral ligament and internal lateral ligament) and ligaments inside the joint itself: the famous cruciate ligaments (anterior and posterior).

A sprained knee is the knee twisting: normally the movement of the knee allows the leg to go back and return to its original position. If the leg goes forward, on one side or is twisted, there is a sprain. Among the symptoms: the knee is swollen, painful and difficult or impossible to move ... it can appear hematoma.

Tearing cruciate ligaments seriously compromises knee stability and, for example, the professional future of a top athlete. It is possible to operate on individuals with anterior cruciate ligament rupture. This procedure is often performed after the winter sports season.

That said, anterior cruciate ligament rupture is not a major handicap in everyday life for a relatively sedentary person. Because the other structures, especially the muscles of the lower limb and their tendons, participate in the stability of this joint. The only drawback is that the knee can steal from time to time.

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Read also :

> Elongation and tearing of the inguinal muscle

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