Diseases

Dyspraxia: treatments

Treatments for dyspraxia, except if it is very moderate, are multidisciplinary, that is to say that they involve different trades care or education.

Before proposing treatments, dyspraxia must be confirmed by a neuropsychological and psychomotor assessment. This assessment will also make it possible to look for the presence of other disorders such as: dyslexia, dysphasia, dyscalculia, attentional disorder with or without hyperactivity, Asperger syndrome.

This assessment includes various psychomotor, attentional, psychological and intellectual tests. In dyspraxia, there is a strong discrepancy between the verbal Intellectual Quotient (IQ) and the performance IQ. An orthoptic and orthophonic assessment may also be necessary to assess the need for follow-up in these two areas, frequently affected by dyspraxia.

These different assessments and follow-ups will have to be coordinated by the referring doctor: a child psychiatrist or a pediatric neurologist.

Once dyspraxia is confirmed, treatments should be adapted to the disability and the environment. Their interests are both to compensate for the disorder, but also to mitigate it. These treatments are of different types:

  • School amenities : presence of a part-time student assistant (AVS) part-time most often, material aids: photocopies as support for lessons, orthoptic help, use of colored stickers, etc. One thing to remember: the more visual cues, the easier it is to learn.
  • Rehabilitation : Rehabilitation by a psychomotor therapist, an occupational therapist, a speech therapist, according to the need estimated by the family and the referring physician.
  • Cognitive remediation : in individual follow-up or collective workshops, it allows to work the cognitive and executive difficulties, as the attention and the organization of the ideas. Remediation can also be worked with virtual reality software, games, drawing, music, etc.
  • Psychotherapy : mediatized psychotherapies, such as modeling, painting or drama, can be beneficial for these children who gain a lot of gesture through the development of the imagination. Relaxation and mindfulness meditation can also be of great help to these children, who are often unresponsive or stressed by their difficulty. Group therapies are interested in improving social relationships and self-confidence within a group.
  • Equitherapy: Equitherapy is a group therapy around the horse. It has been shown to be beneficial for dyspraxia.

Do not hesitate to use fun-educational tools, both fun and stimulating psychomotor. In summary, dyspraxia requires to be accompanied and re-educated. The use of imagination, rehabilitation, attention work, positive reinforcement and support for parents are the main lines of treatment for dyspraxia.

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Read also :

Dyslexia: an app to help
When speech therapy is necessary
Art therapy explained by a child psychiatrist
Difficulties in school: what to do?

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