In patients with so-called high dysphagia, patients complain of difficulty swallowing and swallowing. Despite many attempts, food remains "stuck" in the mouth or throat. There may be associated signs such as nasal regurgitation, coughing or hypersalivation, with the patient sometimes having trouble swallowing saliva.
The doctor then carries out a clinical examination (the bottom of the throat, nose, ears, palpation of the neck in search of a possible big ganglion ...). He verifies how this swallowing disorder occurred, on what occasion, how long ... and asks for possible further examinations.
In addition to the attending physician, you can go see a specialist: an ENT doctor. He will be able to examine the back of the throat and the pharynx.
Depending on the cause of the dysphagia, other symptoms may be associated.
In case of low dysphagia, the patient perceives a blockage of food behind the sternum (more often for solid or pasty foods), followed by either the sensation of passage, facilitated or not by the ingestion of water, or a episode of vomiting that will relieve the patient.
Sometimes, the episode of blockage is total (it is called aphagia) and requires an emergency consultation. These symptoms are often associated with other symptoms, such as regurgitation or oesophageal burns. Sometimes the sensation of blockage or difficulty of passage of food is felt rather in the throat or neck. Finally, the patient may feel chest pain.
The impact on weight is very variable depending on the case, but rapid weight loss in a few months is not exceptional. Any symptom of this type must lead to consulting your doctor, or a gastroenterologist.