Dysorthography: the causes

The causes of dysorthography are different depending on the presentation of the disorder. They are neuro-developmental and / or environmental.

When dysorthography is associated with dyslexia or dyspraxia, the existence of neuronal dysfunction is highly likely. In these children, we observe a poor neuronal connectivity between the cerebral area of ​​the visual form of words, the language areas located in the temporal and frontal lobes, and possibly the areas involved in motor coordination (especially in cases of dyspraxia or dysgraphia). This difficulty is linked to poor phonological development (difficulty in distinguishing similar sounds, low phonological awareness) even before reading is learned. The precise causes of this phonological development deficit are not known.

Psychological difficulties, such as anxiety or attention deficit with or without Hyperactivity (ADD / H), can also contribute to a learning disability, such as dysorthography.

Finally, the method of learning (or pedagogy) of the school or the entourage can also promote a lack of learning the basics of language and writing. For example, a strong pressure on learning (or on the contrary a lack of support), a traumatic event (able to temporarily block the cognitive function) or a learning method unsuited to the child (high rigidity of the teacher, too fast lessons, few oral places, etc.) are potential causes of onset or aggravation of dysorthography.

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