The choice of treatments depends on the origin of the pain. Even if acute pain caused by unsuitable shoes or overloads can disappear on their own (or by change of footwear), it may be necessary to immobilize or stabilize the foot, for example by bandages (alone or with an ointment ), an orthosis, a plaster splint ...
Anti-pain or anti-inflammatory drugs (eg acetylsalicylic acid, diclofenac) available mainly as a tablet or ointment can relieve foot pain.
In some cases, even if one prefers to avoid surgery, medical treatment may be insufficient, and it will be necessary to operate. For example: in cases of ductal compression syndrome, the surgeon will try to relieve compressed nerves, muscles, and blood vessels by creating more space in the surrounding tissues.
The surgical procedure can also be a solution in the case of a very painful plantar fasciitis (commonly known as a calcaneal spine), and if the anti-inflammatory drugs or a local injection of cortisone is not effective. In case of joint injury, doctors will limit the importance of surgery to the extent possible, for example by using arthroscopy. Thus, an operation on a hallux valgus proves less traumatic today, than formerly.
Note that other treatments often related to functional rehabilitation, may possibly be offered in addition to drugs, or surgery:
- Physiotherapy (physiotherapy),
- Heat treatment (hot or cold),
- Muscular exercises (strengthening and stretching),
- Movements and sports activities "gentle for the joints" (eg swimming),
- Hydro- and balneotherapy,
- Ultrasound therapy,
Orthopedic devices may be necessary to protect the foot: bandage, splint, heel in case of fasciitis, crutch.
It may also be necessary, depending on the cause, to relieve the pain either by the cold or by the heat.
Depending on the cause of the foot pain, the advice of a podiatrist can help strongly.
Lastly, always make sure to wear shoes that are suitable for not compressing your feet. Notably, when practicing a sport or hiking, you must wear shoes that protect your ankles from sprains. The right choice of shoes helps prevent injuries, malpositions and, therefore, foot pain.
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Operation of the hallux valgus