So how to recognize an intellectually precocious child? What are the typical characteristics related to early children?
There is unfortunately no catalog where the different characters are listed.
They are apparently like other children. There are however some signs that can alert the child's entourage ...
On the language ...
A majority of intellectually precocious children, start the language early and speak rather well. For those who speak late, we see that they speak immediately perfectly, a little as if they had waited to master the language before launching.
On his questions ...
They are also children who have many questions that are not necessarily related to their age. A recurrent theme in the early child is the notion of death. He understands very early, well before his six years, the irreversibility of death and asks questions even if you have never mentioned this theme.
He can exhaust you with his philosophical questions, he is able to ask you the interest of life, the functioning of the universe, the existence or not of God.
Early children ask sharp questions about topics they are passionate about. If he is interested in a particular theme, be it mythology or dinosaurs, he is able to study it thoroughly and master it perfectly. His sense of humor is also very developed and very early.
On his emotivity ...
There is another point on which you need to be vigilant. These children often have an extraordinary emotivity. They are very sensitive to injustice and integrate the notion of inequality at a very young age.
They are also very empathetic: very early, they detect and understand the suffering of others, where others would pass without stopping. As they are children, they do not have the necessary weapons to cope with it, which sometimes gives rise to anxieties that are difficult to control.
IQ (intelligence quotient) is calculated by comparing test responses with those given by a group of children of the same age within a 3-month range.
Specific tests according to age
To measure IQ, psychologists use the WISC (Weschler Intelligence Scale) which exists in three forms for three age groups:
- The WPPSI (version 3): between 3 and 6 years old.
- WISC (version 4): between 7 and 16 years old.
- The WAIS: from 17 years old.
It is commonly accepted that from 130 on, one speaks about "giftedness", precocity or "giftedness". Only a trained psychologist can pass these tests for the result to be meaningful.
It is not a matter of overbidding the higher intelligence of one over another, but of understanding that early children have a different way of thinking, reasoning, and thinking that are distinct from other children.
They have their own logic that can be difficult to understand for someone whose thinking differs.
In summary, being early does not necessarily mean smarter, but intelligent differently. Conversely, an intelligent child is not necessarily early.
Is my child early?
Do you feel that your child might be early? Answer a few questions to see more clearly: True / False on early children!
What you must remember
A good way to know if your child is early, is to pass an assessment test. The most frequently used tests are Weschler's tests .
If you have a child who does well in school, who works normally, who is surrounded by friends, is socially well integrated and feels good about himself, there is no particular reason to give him a test. .
Let him live his childhood quietly.
Warning signs ...
On the other hand, you may want to consider seeing a specialist psychologist for early children, if you detect some of the following signs in your baby:
- A permanent malaise or in phases.
- An important anxiety about not succeeding.
- The impression of not being like the others (especially since the early children have a lucidity and are capable of a very fine analysis).
- A change in his behavior towards school learning.
- Excellent academic success without providing work.