Before addressing the causes of a burnout, it is important to realize that anyone can be concerned.
Burnout results from an imbalance between the subject's personal resources (personality, life style, surroundings, etc.) and the potentially stressful situation (s). For the same context, some personalities are more likely to be victims of this phenomenon. The causes of burn-out are therefore both internal and external.
1 - External causes
External 'stressful' situations, which can destabilize personal resources and cause burn-out, may include:
- Organization of dysfunctional work,
- Difficulties of communication and conflicts within the teams,
- Significant workload and important issues,
- Job insecurity,
- Social and / or professional isolation
- Repetitive and routine activity requiring sustained attention,
- Family stress following work stress.
2 - Internal causes
Those most at risk are typically perfectionists, and aim for a high ideal.
Often successful and hardworking, they sometimes tend to want to do more than what is asked of them. This excess of pressure they inflict comes sometimes in response to a need to be reassured, gratified.
Among these causes, the fear of disappointment encourages them to do the best they can, to give themselves to work at 200%. The victim then becomes ... his own executioner.
When the projected ideal is unattainable or the rewards or satisfactions remain rare, the initial motivation may give way to fatigue and disillusionment, especially as there are external stressors.
> Difficulties of stress management
The ability to manage stress can also be different from one individual to another, and may or may not favor the appearance of a burnout.
Among people who experience chronic stress, those who have difficulty speaking or expressing it will be more likely to suffer from it, and thus to develop a burnout. While those who manage to release the pressure regularly will be less likely to suffer.
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