My Symptoms

Constipated baby: related to a disease, an occlusion?

Diseases that cause severe constipation of infants are rare. When an infant presents with constipation, in the first days of his life, doctors will think of a possible Hirschsprung's disease.

Although it is rare, it is the most common pathology involved in constipation. It is an aganglionosis, an abnormality of the nervous system affecting the digestive tract (it is an absence of ganglions innervating the colon). Indeed, in the tissues surrounding the colon (large intestine), there is a network of nerve ganglia that governs intestinal motility.

In the case of Hirschsprung's disease, these ganglia are absent. Intestinal motility is therefore nil and can lead to bowel obstruction. In most cases, the occlusion is neonatal. But it can happen that forms of the disease are of later appearance. It is therefore a pathology that must be considered in the case of severe constipation.

The treatment is surgical : it will consist in introducing a fine probe in the rectum, at first, and eventually to set up an "artificial anus" by skin contact, a portion of the colon pending final intervention .
The other diseases are even rarer: possible anal malformations, or hypothyroidism (a decrease in the functioning of the thyroid gland, which is routinely screened at birth). Or a stenosis of the intestine (decrease in the caliber of the intestine), neurological causes.

And an occlusion?

In case of constipation, many parents dread ... an occlusion problem. In fact, in very young children, bowel obstruction is usually a specific problem that has nothing to do with progressive constipation.

In infants, intestinal obstruction is often caused by intussusception.

The signs are usually crying related to abdominal pain, vomiting, refusal to eat, pallor, poor general condition of the child, even blood in the stool ... Sometimes these symptoms occur by episodes .

Urgent medical advice is required.

You want to react, to give your testimony or to ask a question? Appointment in our FORUMS Baby or A doctor answers you!

Popular Posts

Category My Symptoms, Next Article

Cramp: Sources and notes - My Symptoms
My Symptoms

Cramp: Sources and notes

- Prescrire, No. 206, May 2000, p. 372 "Quinine and cramps: an uncertain efficiency but significant risks". - Rutecki GW and Whittier FC. Muscle cramps: I., Semin Dial 1994; 7 (1): 7-9. - Agueny A. Cramps-fasciculations syndrome, Rev Neurol. 2005; 161 (12): 1260-1266.
Read More
Hypoglycemia: treatments - My Symptoms
My Symptoms

Hypoglycemia: treatments

Treatment of the symptom: In case of hypoglycemia, ingestion of a dose of 15 g of carbohydrates, or 3 pieces of sugar, relieves the symptoms of hypoglycemia in a few minutes. It is possible to use fruit juice (15cl) in the absence of sugar available. In cases of consciousness disorders in a diabetic person unable to resuscitate, an injection under the skin or in the muscle of glucagon (Glucagen®) whose action opposes that of insulin and increases blood glucose, will be made.
Read More
Thirst: Treatments - My Symptoms
My Symptoms

Thirst: Treatments

To overcome this feeling of thirst, the treatment is simple: just drink, focusing ... water! In order to dispel the sensation of thirst effectively, it is best to consume drinks at room temperature. Cold drinks take a longer time to be absorbed, so we rehydrate. Another method, is to drink a slightly salt-enriched water
Read More
Snoring: Snoring in a child - My Symptoms
My Symptoms

Snoring: Snoring in a child

Normally children are not supposed to snore, apart from episodes of nasopharyngitis. If this happens continuously, you must make an appointment with an otolaryngologist (ENT) who will check that there are no pathological problems, such as large tonsils or tonsils, result too many infections (ear infections, tonsillitis
Read More