Generic drug of Tahor
Therapeutic class: Cardiology and angiology
active ingredients: Atorvastatin
laboratory: Arrow Generic
Box of 90
Atorvastatin is indicated as an adjunct to a diet adapted to lowering elevated total cholesterol (C-total), LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C), apolipoprotein B, and triglyceride levels in adults, adolescents, and adults. children over 10 years of age with heterozygous familial primary hypercholesterolaemia or combined (mixed) lipidemia (Fredrickson type IIA, IIb), when the response to diet alone and other non-pharmacological measures is inadequate.
Atorvastatin is also indicated for decreasing total and LDL-C levels in adults with homozygous familial hypercholesterolaemia, in combination with other lipid-lowering drugs (including LDL apheresis), or when these treatments are not used. available.
Prevention of cardiovascular diseases
Prevention of cardiovascular events in patients considered to be at high risk of occurrence of a first cardiovascular event (see section on Pharmacodynamic properties ), in combination with corrective treatments of other risk factors.
Dosage ATORVASTATIN ARROW 10 mg Film-coated tablet Box of 90
The patient should follow a standard cholesterol-lowering diet before taking atorvastatin; this diet should be continued for the duration of the treatment.
The dosage should be adjusted individually based on the initial LDL-C level, the therapeutic goal and the patient's response to treatment.
The usual starting dose is 10 mg once a day. Dosage adjustment should be performed within a minimum interval of 4 weeks. The maximum dosage is 80 mg once a day.
Primary hypercholesterolemia and combined (mixed) hyperlipidemia
A single dose of atorvastatin 10 mg is sufficient in the majority of patients. A therapeutic effect is observed after two weeks of treatment, the maximum effect being reached after 4 weeks of treatment. The effect is maintained in case of prolonged treatment.
Heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia
Treatment will be started with a daily dose of atorvastatin 10 mg. The dosage will then be individually adjusted every 4 weeks to 40 mg per day.
Thereafter the dose of atorvastatin may be increased up to 80 mg per day. A bile acid chelator may be prescribed in combination with atorvastatin 40 mg daily.
Homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia
The available data are limited (see section on Pharmacodynamic properties ).
In patients with homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia, the dose of atorvastatin is between 10 and 80 mg per day (see section 5.1 ). In these patients, atorvastatin should be used in combination with other lipid-lowering drugs (including LDL-cholesterol apheresis) or when such treatments are not available.
Prevention of cardiovascular diseases
In primary prevention studies, the dosage used was 10 mg per day. An increase in dosage may be necessary to achieve the fixed LDL-C level by the recommendations in force.
No dose adjustment is required in patients with renal impairment (see Warnings and Precautions ).
Atorvastatin should be used with caution in patients with hepatic impairment (see Warnings and Precautions and Pharmacokinetic Properties sections). It is contraindicated in patients with active liver disease (see section 4.3 ).
In patients over the age of 70 treated at the recommended doses, the efficacy and safety of use are identical to those observed in the general population.
Pediatric use should be reserved for specialists and the effectiveness of treatment should be evaluated regularly.
In children aged 10 years or older, the recommended starting dose is atorvastatin 10 mg daily, and may be increased up to 20 mg daily. This dose increase should be based on the response and tolerance of pediatric patients to treatment. The safety data of pediatric patients treated with a dose greater than 20 mg, ie approximately 0.5 mg / kg, are limited.
The experience is limited in patients aged 6 to 10 years (see section 5.1 ). Atorvastatin is not indicated in children under 10 years of age.
Other dosage forms or dosages may be more appropriate for this population.
Atorvastatin will be taken in a single daily dose, regardless of the time of day, during or after meals.
Atorvastatin is contraindicated in patients with:
Hypersensitivity to the active substance or to any of the excipients of this medicinal product.
· Progressive liver disease or a persistent and unexplained increase in serum transaminases greater than 3 times the upper limit of normal.
· During pregnancy, during breastfeeding, and in women of childbearing potential who do not use reliable contraceptive methods (see section on Pregnancy and breastfeeding ).
Side effects Atorvastatin Arrow
In controlled clinical trials comparing the effect of atorvastatin to placebo in 16, 066 patients (8755 atorvastatin-treated patients versus 7311 placebo-treated patients) treated for an average of 53 weeks, 5.2% of patients treated by atorvastatin discontinued treatment due to adverse events, compared to 4.0% of patients receiving placebo.
The following adverse reactions observed with atorvastatin are from clinical studies and significant post-marketing experience with atorvastatin.
The estimated frequencies of events are classified according to the following convention: frequent (³ 1 / 100, <1/10); uncommon (³ 1 / 1, 000, <1/100); rare (³ 1 / 10, 000, <1/1000); very rare (£ 1 / 10, 000).
Infections and infestations
Blood and lymphatic system disorders
Immune system disorders
Common: allergic reactions
Very rare: anaphylaxis.
Metabolism and nutrition disorders
Uncommon: hypoglycemia, weight gain, anorexia.
Uncommon: insomnia, nightmares.
Nervous system disorders
Uncommon: dizziness, paresthesia, hypoesthesia, amnesia, dysgeusia.
Rare: peripheral neuropathy.
Uncommon: blurred vision
Rare: visual disturbances.
Affections of the ear and labyrinth
Very rare: hearing loss.
Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders
Common: pharyngolaryngeal pain, epistaxis.
Common: constipation, flatulence, dyspepsia, nausea, diarrhea
Uncommon: high and low abdominal pain, belching, vomiting, pancreatitis.
Very rare: liver failure.
Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders
Uncommon: urticaria, rash, pruritus, alopecia.
Rare: angioneurotic edema, bullous dermatitis including erythema multiforme, Stevens-Johnson syndrome and Lyell's syndrome.
Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders
Common: myalgia, arthralgia, extremity pain, muscle spasm, joint swelling, back pain.
Uncommon: cervical pain, muscle fatigue.
Rare: myopathy, myositis, rhabdomyolysis, tendinopathy sometimes complicated by rupture.
Disorders of reproductive organs and breast
Very rare: gynecomastia.
General disorders and administration site conditions
Uncommon: malaise, asthenia, chest pain, peripheral edema, fatigue, pyrexia.
Frequent: abnormal liver function tests, increased blood levels of creatine phosphokinase.
As with other HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors, increases in serum transaminase levels have been reported in patients receiving atorvastatin. These changes were generally mild and transient and did not require treatment interruption. Clinically significant increases (> 3 times the upper limit of normal) in serum transaminase levels occurred in 0.8% of patients receiving atorvastatin. These increases were dose-dependent and reversible in all patients.
Increased serum creatine phosphokinase (CPK) by more than three times the upper limit of normal was observed in 2.5% of atorvastatin-treated patients, a proportion similar to that observed with other inhibitors of atorvastatin HMG-CoA reductase in clinical studies. Serum levels greater than 10 times the upper limit of normal were reported in 0.4% of patients treated with atorvastatin (see Warnings and Precautions ).
The clinical pharmacovigilance database includes safety data for 249 pediatric patients who received atorvastatin, of which 7 patients were under 6 years of age, 14 patients were in the 6 to 9 year age group, and 228 patients were in an age range of 10 to 17 years.
Nervous system disorders
Common: abdominal pain
Frequent: increased alanine aminotransferase, increased blood creatine blood phosphokinase.
On the basis of available data, the frequency, type and severity of adverse reactions in children are expected to be identical to those in adults. Experience with long-term safety in the pediatric population is currently limited.
The following side effects have been reported with some statins:
· Sexual disorders.
· Exceptional cases of interstitial pneumonitis, especially during long-term treatment (see Warnings and Precautions ) section.