Asthma: therapeutic education

The asthmatic patient must learn how to manage his illness and his asthma attacks: he will seek advice from his doctor, during a possible hospitalization or in specialized care centers.

He will learn to know the warning signs of the crisis (that is to say the warning signs): the runny nose, the crying eyes, the scratching throat ...

He will learn to inhale his bronchodilator medications correctly, to adapt the treatment according to the respiratory state.

He will go regularly every 6 months at least to his doctor to make a balance sheet; doctor and patient will discuss together the crises and how they are apprehended by the patient, possible difficulties to determine the severity of a crisis, the trouble to follow the background treatment.

The doctor will evaluate the peak expiratory flow with a device (peak flow meter) that will measure the breath, and compare it to previous measurements.

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Sources and notes

> High Authority of Health (HAS). The management of your disease, asthma. Website: HAS. Saint-Denis La Plaine (France); 2007.
> Realise study, 2014.
> National Institute of Health and Medical Research (INSERM). Asthma. Website: INSERM. Paris; 2012.
> Bousquet J., et al. European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology (EAACI) "Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma (ARIA)". Allergy, 2003 Mar; 58 (3): 192-7.

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