Term from Greek "apatheia", which means "without feeling", apathy is a form of indolence and indifference to the environment sometimes pushed to complete insensibility.
This affective abrasion characteristic of apathy is associated with a loss of initiative and motivation resulting in the reduction of goal-directed behaviors. The subject is as extinct, emptied of all passion.
Deserted by emotions and by the slightest impulse to act, or even to react to the events of daily life, the person suffering from apathy experiences a lack of interest in all activities, a decrease in his productivity, a loss of professional aptitude and a lower propensity to interact emotionally.
The consequences of apathy are therefore truly debilitating, both for the subject himself and for his family and friends, to whom he can be a real burden.
But if the subject suffering from apathy is more dependent, less active, less productive and more nonchalant:
Be careful not to consider these characteristics as character traits, especially since this state is recent.
These are signs that can alert to a real disease!Because of their similarities, it is not always easy to distinguish between apathy and depression.
However, there are some signs that make the difference between these two pathological entities.
Unlike depression, apathy is characterized by:
- an abrasion of emotions, much rarer in depression;
- anosognosia, that is to say the absence of recognition of the disease;
- a passive social withdrawal, in other words not sought;
- lack of self-deprecation and self-blame;
- lack of expression of sadness or despair;
- the absence of appetite or sleep disturbances;
- the absence of suicidal ideation.
While the depressive subject is characterized by an emotional hyper-expressiveness, compared to the fatal events and a relative recognition of his pathology.
The apathetic person reacts no more to positive events than to negative events, nor does he express any suffering related to his condition.Want to react, share your experience or ask a question? See you on our FORUMS Psychology, Depression or Stress and anxieties !
Read also :
> 5 diseases that can express themselves by depressive symptoms
> Cyclothymia: when the mood comes and goes
> Special file: Depression, the disease of the century?