Diseases

Anxiety: the causes

The causes of anxiety are different from person to person. If the factors triggering anxiety are environmental, there are individual genetic and psychological susceptibilities.

Some personality traits or life stories may be involved in the onset of anxiety. It is not uncommon to find a history of family conflict, intrafamilial anxiety, or emotional trauma, in the story of the anxious person.

The cause of anxiety lies in the more or less conscious fear of reliving a past painful experience. This experience, printed in the mind of the patient (so-called "conditioning"), causes him to fear a repetition and to anticipate it.

These anxious ruminations only maintain fear and increase physical tension: muscle tension, increased heart rate, nausea, etc. These physical sensations can themselves sustain anxious tension. This is what happens in panic attacks and panic disorder. The mere sensation of a throat ball (or vertigo, etc.) can make one fear of a new attack. What induces anxiety is in a way a self-conditioning, based on past experiences.

There are also medical conditions and drug or toxic (cannabis, etc.) to promote anxiety.

This is why, when consulting a doctor, he / she must ask questions about the causes of the anxiety, and check the absence of hyperthyroidism, hypoglycaemia, possible links with medication or psycho-affective products ... The physician must also look for context-related triggers such as a serious illness, a particular social or family situation. Finally, it is not uncommon for anxiety to be associated with specific psychiatric disorders, such as depression, alcohol dependence, or even other toxicities. Finally, anxiety is often present in children and adults ADHD or concerned with high intellectual potential.

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