Diseases

Anorexia nervosa: the symptoms

Anorexia nervosa is manifested by a triad of symptoms: anorexia, weight loss, and absence or cessation of menstruation (in other words amenorrhea).

But contrary to what its name indicates, anorexia does not correspond to a loss of appetite: it results from a voluntary dietary restriction, which can later evolve into a loss of appetite. This food symptom is associated with a false perception of his body (or dysmorphophobia).

The girl is judged too corpulent, poorly made and wants to lose weight beyond reasonable. In the beginning, the teenager can start with a diet to correct curves, real or imaginary. But instead of stopping, once the few extra pounds lost, she continues her diet that becomes increasingly restrictive, until she refuses virtually any food.

Meals become a real source of anxiety and conflict within the family, where all the attention is focused on the plate, always full ... and which does not empty. Sometimes, out of sight, it "cracks" and swallows a large amount of food at once: it's an episode of bulimia. This voracious access is experienced as a failure that causes the person to vomit for guilt.

These deprivations lead to a very important weight loss that can reach, in the most critical cases, half the normal weight. Leanness is, moreover, one of the first symptoms that leads parents to consult a doctor, often against the will of the patient who claims to be well.

Anorexia is a serious illness that, in extreme cases, can lead to death.

The first disorders appear when the weight loss becomes too important. In the midst of change, the teenager will suffer from deficiency of vitamins, minerals (calcium), iron, etc. So many nutrients normally brought by the diet.

If anorexia affects the younger child, it causes a slowing of growth. These deficiencies will weaken the body, make it more sensitive to infections, nails and hair will be dry, brittle. In the long run, undernutrition can lead to heart and hormonal disorders. In addition to his refusal to eat, the young person may have other dangerous behaviors such as vomiting or overuse of laxatives that can lead to a loss of potassium, always dangerous.

Weight loss, when it becomes critical, requires hospitalization ... sometimes in intensive care.

You want to react, to give your testimony or to ask a question? Appointment in our FORUMS Anorexia and Bulimia or A doctor answers you !

Read also :

> Bulimia: when eating becomes addictive
> Hyperphagia: these uncontrollable urges against food
> OCD: obsessive-compulsive disorder, what is it?

Popular Posts

Category Diseases, Next Article

Small burns - Diseases
Diseases

Small burns

No one is immune to a slight burn . This is a very common accident. Sometimes they can be serious when they are extended or deep. Burns, regardless of severity, account for just over 10% of the most common injuries in household accidents . There is a scale to evaluate the importance of a burn called gravity
Read More
Syllogomania: the treatments - Diseases
Diseases

Syllogomania: the treatments

The treatment of the syllogomania is different according to the cause: Diogenes syndrome will be managed in an institution or at home by a multi-disciplinary psychiatric or psycho-geriatric team. As for the actual syllogomania (so-called compulsive accumulation), its treatments are based on three pillars: Awareness The first step in the treatment of the syllogomania is the awareness of the disorder by the individual himself, and more precisely the handicap caused by his behavior
Read More
Presbycusis: treatments - Diseases
Diseases

Presbycusis: treatments

Unlike some diseases of the ear, presbycusis can not be corrected by drugs, or surgery, but by hearing aids. These hearing aids sometimes convey a badly misguided image - too conspicuous, ineffective, whistling and stigmatizing older people. This type of problem can sometimes occur, but also be solved by returning to his audiologist to adjust the device, better adapt, etc
Read More
Pulmonary arterial hypertension - Diseases
Diseases

Pulmonary arterial hypertension

Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a rare disease that can be serious in consequence. Like many rare diseases, it is often little known not only to the general public, but also to the doctors themselves. A better knowledge of this pathology would make it possible to make an early diagnosis of the people who suffer from it, and to set up more adapted treatments
Read More