Living with a person who suffers from Alzheimer's disease requires adjustments. Timetable, organization, but also environment. The daily is modified, but often, too, many questions arise. The first: must we monitor all his actions and make his home differently?
Without ever being a dirigiste, one needs constant attention, and it is not always easy to find the right balance. We must not rush to change everything as soon as the diagnosis of the disease because we risk too much disrupt the person. On the other hand, adaptation to the disease is continuous ...
Here are some first tips for converting your home :
> Protect doors and windows that can be exits on the street. Patients are attracted to the outdoors, so they risk losing their lives or having an accident because they do not have the notion of danger.
> Turn off the gas. The best for cooking is to have, if possible, an induction hob, the maximum safety since there is no risk of burning.
> Keep only stable furniture to avoid falls, especially at night. Patients tend to get up and walk a lot.
> Plan a night light that turns on automatically at night. Eventually also a light in a living room where the patient can doze off when he is too tired to walk.
In case of aggressive driving
The patient does not have the same perception of reality as his entourage: he evolves in a world apart, dominated by emotions. In some cases, when he feels that his needs are not being met, for example, he may react aggressively or even violently.
To best manage this situation of temporary crisis, it is imperative, at first, to keep calm so as not to aggravate the situation. The words and a suitable attitude will then calm the person. Here are some effective actions:
> Gently approach the patient and stand in front of her, at her height. The point here is to restore contact.
The mistake not to commit: try to grab his hands to control his violent actions. The person could, on the contrary, feel assaulted.
> Establish physical contact with her, by gently putting her hands on her forearms for example. You can also try to make a visual or verbal contact, taking care to always remain calm.
> Lay your breath on his to make him calm down. The angry patient breathes quickly and loudly. Adopt the same pace, then calm down gradually. By imitation, he will do the same and will be appeased.
> Talk to him gently. Once calm, the person is more receptive to what surrounds him. By talking with her, you can try to understand what made her angry, and prevent the situation from happening again.
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When the daily or the symptoms of the disease become too heavy to manage for the family, then the option of placement in a specialized establishment arises.
However, before considering an investment, it is possible to get help. There are indeed temporary reception facilities, day or night, which can be of help in some cases.
If the situation becomes very difficult at home, the choice of placement may then be the only solution. But in any case, it must be done at a favorable moment and try to associate the patient as much as possible with this decision.
Tips not to crack
- Make yourself feel guilty and do not think you are responsible for the aggravation of the sick person's state of health. Get help if you feel the need.
- Preserve your privacy and go away from time to time. Then entrust the patient to a structure adapted to have peace of mind and enjoy these moments of respite.
- Do not isolate yourself. You are far from alone in this case, and sharing your experience and experience can be beneficial. Go talk in cafes caregivers for example (www.aveclesidemen.fr). Hospitals also offer more and more family support conferences. Do not hesitate, they are made for that.
Read also :
> Alzheimer's: Tips for Improving a Patient's Daily Life
> All about Parkinson's disease.
> To know how to react quickly in the event of a cerebral attack.