Diseases

Algodystrophy: the causes

Algodystrophies (or complex regional pain syndrome) are disorders of the bones and joints that affect:

  • wrist, hand, shoulder or foot,
  • more rarely the hip, elbow and knee.

The true causes of dystrophy are not yet known .

There is a "hyper-reaction" of the nervous system (called sympathetic) often related to a bone or joint trauma, or to an operation of the bones, joints. The nerve fibers involved in this phenomenon are nociceptic fibers (type C). This is combined with vasomotor phenomena affecting the microcirculation.

Thus, in the case of algodystrophy, there is locally a dilation of many arteriocapital units, especially at the beginning when inflammatory signs occur.

A metabolic disease, such as diabetes, or thyroid disease, may also promote RSDS.

In any case, RSD is unfortunately a fairly common condition, and people who have suffered from it know that it is difficult to solve.

ALS appears most often (65% of cases) because of trauma, severe or benign: fracture, dislocation, sprain, simple contusion.

It can also occur after any surgery after trauma, or to correct joint deformities (20% of cases), or as a result of prolonged immobilization of a limb in a cast.

But other times, it is difficult to find the precise cause.

Other factors favor the disease, but not the cause:

  • Circulatory problems (phlebitis),
  • Some conditions, such as diabetes,
  • Disorders of the central nervous system (hemiplegia, brain tumor), or peripheral (sciatica, shingles ...),
  • Myocardial infarction,
  • Pregnancy can cause hip dystrophy during the third trimester
  • Taking certain medications (such as barbiturates for anti-epileptic treatment),
  • An anxious or depressed state.

It is most often a specialist physician in functional rehabilitation or a rheumatologist who supports the patient suffering from this condition. One can also consult the orthopedic surgeon who operated, or who treated the bone or articular traumatism (if the algodystrophy occurred in such a context).

You want to react, to give your testimony or to ask a question? Appointment in our FORUMS by topic or A doctor answers you !

Popular Posts

Category Diseases, Next Article

Conjunctivitis: Our advice - Diseases
Diseases

Conjunctivitis: Our advice

> In addition to the signs of conjunctivitis, if one or both eyes are painful, if you are very bothered by the light, with a lot of watering eyes and a loss of visual acuity, this is probably a deeper attack - the cornea (a keratitis). For example, people who have snow-related ophthalmia are familiar with these signs
Read More
osteoarthritis - Diseases
Diseases

osteoarthritis

In France, about 10 million people suffer from osteoarthritis that affects one or more joints: the hip, the knee, the base of the thumb, the spine ... Osteoarthritis is a chronic disease of the joints. The joint is the junction zone between two bones: the knee between the femur and the tibia, the hip between the pelvic bone and the femur, between two vertebrae of the spine, between the phalanges of the fingers
Read More
Leukemia: the testimony of a patient - Diseases
Diseases

Leukemia: the testimony of a patient

Marie, 40, mother of Fran├žois, 13, who developed leukemia. She gives us her testimony ... At what age and how was the diagnosis of leukemia made for Fran├žois? He was 8 years old and was complaining of leg pain. Everyone was talking about growing pains. At the 2nd appointment with the pediatrician, he referred us to a pediatric rheumatologist at the hospital.
Read More
Meningitis: the symptoms - Diseases
Diseases

Meningitis: the symptoms

The most suggestive symptoms of meningitis are violent headaches associated with fever. This headache can be associated with a rather specific symptom of meningitis: the stiffness of the neck (pain in the back during the flexion of the neck). Most often, the subject also suffers from: vomiting nausea
Read More