At the 8th week of pregnancy, the organs of the embryo develop more and more and begin some of their activity. The fetus measures between 25 and 30 mm. What is happening more specifically on the mother side and the baby side?
Many pregnant women experience changes in their skin and hair at the 8th week of pregnancy. According to these women, these changes can be positive, but sometimes negative. If necessary, the advice of a hairdresser and / or a beautician can be useful.
As a reminder: the 8th week of pregnancy corresponds to 10 weeks of amenorrhea (absence of menstruation). Indeed, in France, gynecologists usually count the duration of pregnancy in weeks of amenorrhea (SA). Thus, the calculation of the pregnancy begins on the 1st day of the last period, so about 2 weeks before the fertilization (before the actual beginning of the pregnancy). Because it is only in the middle of the woman's cycle, around the date of ovulation, that the egg can be fertilized by a spermatozoon. And so in reality, the 1st week of pregnancy is the 3rd week of amenorrhea (SA).
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The steps and exams
As soon as your pregnancy is confirmed, make an appointment for a first examination at your GP or your gynecologist. It is after this first compulsory prenatal examination that you will obtain your maternity health record (or "maternity notebook", formerly "pregnancy notebook").
The maternity card is free. According to your department, it is sent to you:
- by your health insurance fund,
- maternal and child health services (PMI), or
- by your mutual.
If you do not receive it, ask your doctor.
Important : your first prenatal examination must take place before the end of the 3rd month of pregnancy (ie before 15 weeks).
Blood and urine tests in early pregnancy
Examinations in early pregnancy are provided by law. Some are mandatory, others must be proposed systematically during the first consultation:
- Screening for rubella and toxoplasmosis, routinely necessary in the absence of written results that make immunity take for granted,
- Screening for syphilis,
- Blood group determination (ABO, Rhesus), if you do not have a complete blood group card,
- The search for irregular agglutinins (RAI). The goal is to detect a possible fetal-maternal rhesus incompatibility.
- The search for sugar and albumin in the urine.
Systematically offered examinations:
- Screening for the AIDS virus (HIV),
- An ultrasound between 11 and 13 WA for the measurement of nuchal translucency,
- Biological markers for trisomy 21 screening, between 8 and 14 weeks.
A total of 7 medical visits are planned (to your doctor or midwife) during your pregnancy, with various medical examinations. Including 3 ultrasounds, at the rate of one per trimester:
- 1st ultrasound of pregnancy
- 2nd ultrasound of pregnancy
- 3rd ultrasound of pregnancy
The remaining six visits to a doctor or midwife should be done every month, from the 4th month of pregnancy to the date of delivery.
These consultations and many exams are 100% covered by the Health Insurance (except for ultrasounds, the management of which varies according to the month of pregnancy).
In order to benefit from a 100% coverage of medical expenses, the declaration of pregnancy must be made during the first trimester of pregnancy, ideally during your first medical visit. In fact now, this statement is made via the internet by the doctor or the midwife at the Health Insurance Fund to your social security fund which will then directly inform the Family Allowance Fund, This step must be carried out before the 3rd month of pregnancy (15 weeks).
The mother at the 8th week of pregnancy (10 weeks)
At the 8th week of pregnancy, the hair of many pregnant women appears to be larger and shiny, the skin is firmer and the complexion pink thanks to a strengthened blood circulation. Other women may, on the contrary, see small pimples and blackheads. In this case, it may be useful to seek advice from a beautician and change the care products during pregnancy.
Even if the appearance of the famous belly of the pregnant woman is still waiting, you may already have trouble putting on your usual pants. This may be due to the fact that your digestion is idling, following the important hormonal changes. And this can lead to problems with constipation or bloating. These small gastrointestinal problems will decrease as soon as the hormonal activity is normalized, generally from the 10th week of pregnancy.
You are not comfortable in your usual clothes, but do not want to go yet to the clothes for pregnant women? So the following tips can help you find more comfort in your clothes :
- Do not close the last button of your pants
- If that does not make you feel comfortable: put a hair elastic through the buttonhole and fix the button: this leaves you a little more margin.
- As a last resort, there are extensions of pants and pregnancy belts that allow you to enjoy your usual clothes a little longer, or even during your pregnancy.
In principle, nothing stands in the way of a gentle and rational sporting activity during pregnancy. On the contrary ! Once the first pregnancy has disappeared, regular physical activity has positive effects on the development of pregnancy and childbirth. So: move and stay active to keep fit!
>>> To read also our special file "Sport and pregnancy"!
At this stage of pregnancy, the typical pains and signs of pregnancy sometimes decrease or disappear. This lack of symptoms may worry some women, but she and quite normal.
Also note that in some cases, slight bleeding may occur at this stage of pregnancy, but in most cases they are totally innocuous. However, we advise you to talk to your doctor or midwife! If this bleeding is severe, accompanied by pain, or other abnormal symptoms, it is imperative to contact the doctor very quickly.
How much weight will you take?
Height, starting weight ... Many factors affect weight gain during pregnancy. Calculate your weight gain during pregnancy in a few clicks!
The future baby at the 8th week of pregnancy (10 weeks)
At the 8th week of pregnancy, the embryo "swims" in the water pocket : an envelope filled with amniotic fluid and covered with two membranes in which the development of the fetus takes place. The amniotic pouch protects the unborn baby from drying out as well as from outside shocks.
At the 8th week of pregnancy, the cranio-caudal length (LCC) measures between 25 mm and 30 mm. The spine begins to take shape and extends with the base of the skull. In the tiny mouth, a sketch of a tiny tongue appears.
At this stage, the internal organs continue to develop. They are gradually finding their final place and are ready to perform some of their functions already.
At this stage, the outline of the brain is present. From now on, the number of brain cells is constantly increasing, and more and more cells are connecting with each other.
The central nervous system and the spinal cord are vascularized and structured with the skeleton. The embryo "solidifies" and carves, At the 8th week of pregnancy, the embryo already uses certain muscles. Muscles begin to appear on the pelvis and chest.
The channels between the stomach, intestine, liver and pancreas are in place.
The umbilical cord - the vital link between the mother and her child - includes three vessels (two arteries and a vein) that feed the fetus and evacuate its waste.
The growth of the body of the embryo is done gradually. The knees, ankles, elbows, wrists and fingers can be identified at the 8th week of pregnancy.
At the level of the head, the face of the baby is developed and the two eyeballs can be visualized on the ultrasound.
How does baby grow up in the belly?
How many weeks of pregnancy can you see baby's fingers? How much does it weigh in the 5th month? And when is he able to discern the flavors?
Test your knowledge!
Note : As the pregnancy progresses, the size and weight of the baby evolve individually. The values and figures shown are therefore average values. Monitoring of these data is important during pregnancy; and testifies to the smooth running of it.
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Authors: Dorothee Gebele, Dr. Nicolas Evrard.